Lemon Farming With Varieties And Highly Production States In India

Lemon Farming With Varieties And Highly Production States In India

A widespread citrus fruit lemon, which we can see in our kitchen and fridge. Lemon has many common uses in regular life.

Lemon is an important fruit crop. Lemon is one of the essential divisions of citrus. It is primarily known for its pulp and juice around the world. Different citrus fruits are used throughout the world as food or juice. In India, lemon farming is done on about 923 thousand hectares with a yearly production of 8608 thousand metric tons. In Punjab, citrus is grown on 39.20 hectares of land.

A yellow fruit commonly used for culinary and non-culinary purposes around the world. It is used mainly for its juice, which has culinary and cleaning uses. The pulp and skin are also used in cooking and baking. The juice of a lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, with a pH of around 2.2, giving it a sour taste. The unique sour taste of lemon juice makes it an essential ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade and lemon meringue pie, etc.

The origin of the lemon is not mentioned and is unknown. But it is believed that lemon was first grown in Assam. Do you have more curiosity about lemons, where they come from? Varieties of lemons and uses except for pickle and lime water. Here we are discussing many things about lemons and trying to solve your every curiosity.

Varieties Of Lemon

All lemons are variants of the species that comes from Citrus limon. This species contains dozens of planted varieties, and it likely includes hundreds of wild combinations. Limon is usually classified under the usual heading of “lemon”.

1.   Lisbon

When people think of “lemons,” Lisbon comes first in their mind. This is usually sold at grocery stores and supermarkets and is one of the most popular varieties.

     Native Region: South Asia, but grown around the whole world.

  Water and Climate Requirement: This tree requires full sun heat and enough water. Significantly during its first year, you should water a Lisbon tree 3-4 times per week.

2.  Eureka

These lemons look like “normal” lemons. They also contain few seeds, making them best for juicing.

       Native Region: Many different regions of South Asia

       Water and Climate Requirement: Need Full sun and water on the dry side, soil-dependent

3.  Bearss Lemons

This lemon is significantly related to the “Lisbon” variety. Its fruit measures about 3-4 inches across.

     Native Region: The Bearss lemon tree was planted in 1892, discovered in the Bearss grove near Lutz, Florida, around 1952.”

  Water and Climate Requirement: This variety is usual in a humid environment. If you plan to grow this variety in a drier climate, it will need more water.

4.  Pink Variegated

The skin of the lemon is uneven and often green striped. The pulp appears very comparable to a grapefruit.

   Native Region: This variety was discovered in the 1930s in Burbank, California.

      Water and Climate Requirement: Need Full sun, 6-8 hours per day. This lemon tree should be watered more often, 2-3 times per week.

5.  Meyer

These fruits are mainly more round than actual lemons. Its flavour is also different from a natural lemon, almost a hybrid of a lemon. Meyer lemons have smooth skin, unlike a lot of other lemons.

       Native Region: Originated in China

  Water and Climate Requirement: Meyer lemon trees have sunny needs. Around 6 hours of light per day is best. Watering is expected for lemon trees 2-3 times per week.

6.  Primofiori

Primofioris look related to Lisbon but are slightly more oval.

   Native Region: The origin of this variety is unknown, but it likely is Spanish.

     Water and Climate Requirement: Full sun and needs less water. It almost needs a lot of the water around fruiting time (January to April).

7.   Verna

These can grow to be mainly larger than Eureka lemons, sometimes growing to almost twice the size.

       Native Region: This variety origins from Spain.

     Water and Climate Requirement: Verna lemon trees require as much sun as other lemons around 6-8 hours, but they need more water to grow. They are originally from the Mediterranean, so it requires water around 4-5 times per week.

8.  Buddha’s Hand Lemons

They are not oval-shaped like most varieties of the citrus family. Buddha’s Hand lemons have a round core from which fingerlings of the lemon project out.

     Native Region: Originated in China

    Water and Climate Requirement: This variety requires less water than its matches. Rinse it once per week and wait for the dry soil. 

9.  Bush

Bush lemons look like wrinkly, old lemons. Their skin has a bubbly, mottled appearance.

       Native Region: China, but most generally grown in Australia.

     Water and Climate Requirement: More than 6 hours of sun is needed. This type of lemon tree also takes a large pot to grow indoors.

10.                Avon

Also known as “Avalon Lemons,” this lemon is significantly related to Eureka, and it is mainly used for making lemon juice solutions.

      Native Region: This variety first originated in Arcadia, Florida, as a budded tree.

    Water and Climate Requirement: It requires full sun heat and moderate-to-heavy watering.

Lemon Cultivation

Lemons are highly cultivated in many states in India. Here is the list from high production to low production of the states in India.

  1. Gujarat
  2. Andhra Pradesh
  3. Madhya Pradesh
  4. Karnataka
  5. Orissa
  6. Maharashtra
  7. Telangana
  8. Tamil Nadu
  9. Bihar
  10. Assam


Lemons can be planted in all types of soils. Light soils having good drainage are fit for their farming. PH range of soil should be 5.5-7.5 for cultivation. They can also plant in lightly alkaline and acidic soils. Light loam well-drained soils are best for lemon farming.


Land should be ploughed well and levelled properly. Farmers mainly choose Kubota Tractor tractor to plough farms well. You should do planting on terraces and plain areas against slopes in hilly areas. High-density planting is also possible in such areas.


Time of sowing

The best season for planting and sowing is July-August.


It would help if you kept spacing between 4.5×4.5. It would be best if you dug pits of size 60×60×60cm for planting seedlings. 10Kg of Farmyard Manure and 500g of single superphosphate should be implemented to holes while growing.

Sowing Depth

It would help if you dug pits of size 60×60×60cm for planting seedlings.

For better cultivation and productive lemon framing, This tractor gives the reason for practical farming.  


Lemon plants require irrigation at regular periods. It is necessary for Flowering, Fruiting and proper plant growth. Excess watering may also lead to diseases like Root rot and collar rot. High-frequency irrigation is advantageous. Salty water is harmful to crop plants.

Farmers can prefer Massey Ferguson Tractor tractor to attach the implements with a tractor. It will help to irrigate your plants well and give you a satisfactory output. 


On achieving proper size, shape, and attractive colour having TSS to the Acid ratio of 12:1, now fruits are ready for harvest. Depending upon the various fruits are generally ready for harvesting in Mid- January to Mid-February. Do harvesting at the proper time, as too early or too late harvesting will give poor quality. For better output harvesting, framers mainly choose particular tools and a tractor as well. This tractor's bizarre quality gives them great satisfaction and also helps for productive farming.

We hope you like this information about lemon farming. For more updates about agriculture and technologies, stay connected with Tractor Junction.

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