Beginning A Fruits & Vegetable Export & Handling Business

Beginning a Fruits & Vegetable Export & Handling Business

Vegetables typically contain 80-90 percent water, and Most vegetables have a shelf life of a few days to few weeks, while some can last longer than months. This article deals with the transport of both perishable and non-perishable fruits and herbs. 

Transport in general means moving some item from one place to another using air, road, water, and rail. However, for this article, our concern is limited to road transport using trucks, trailers, and vans.

Since there are two kinds of vegetables, one with a short life period of a few days and is perishable and the other one that is non-perishable, transport methods will differ accordingly.

The Food and Drug Administration of the FDA deals with guidance and laws related to food management, loss, and control. For example, the Food Modernization Safety Act, 2011, implemented in 2017, directed and controlled the transport of food products, including vegetables.

Particular guidelines need to be adhered to run your vegetable transportation business. So, let us get excited and discuss the components of your business plan. 

The Purpose of Your Business 

The primary objective of your Marketing is to export vegetables. As we know from above, there are different herbs but two general categories are perishable and non-perishable vegetables.

Perishable vegetables require extra care and temperature control, while non-perishable herbs require more minor than that, though still guided by the FMSA. 

Before you begin, you need to choose whether you require to transport perishable or non-perishable herbs since both need distinct ways of transport. 

Essentials To Start Your Business

There are specific requirements you need to export vegetables. These are:

  • Truck and Van 
  • Wrapped Boxes or Trailers to avoid rainfall, burning heat, cold wind, dust, etc.
  • Refrigerated trailer to store perishable items from spoiling.
  • Safety mechanism to prevent the damage of vegetables while moving
  • Ramps, stair, trolley, and other necessary articles to expedite loading and unloading
  • The driver, along with assisting staff

Perishable goods require extra care compared to temperature control, damage control, preservatives, cleanliness, etc. 

In some cases, you might also need to pack the vegetables in the way required while transporting. However, in most cases, this job is done by your client, who has to guarantee basic safety. 

Food Modernization and Safety Act, 2011 Guidelines

FMSA needs certain norms to be followed to transport herbs. Therefore, it has laid down specific rules to ensure food security and quality.

  • Thorough sanitation of vehicles along with the container in which vegetables will be transported.
  • Having sufficient mechanism and tools required to load, unload and transport herb
  • Having a necessary mechanism to preserve vegetables during transportation avoiding damage to vegetable
  • Following proper sanitization orders during transport like handwash, cleaning the vehicle, container, trolley, boxes, etc.
  • Proper cooling and temperature control for different vegetables per need
  • Adequately trained truckers and staff who have a good understanding of vegetable exportation
  • Documentation of agreement, permit, and license along with other necessary papers.

These are some necessities, and the list is not exhaustive. You have to be more challenging to know about acceptable items from FDA regulations. 

Truck and Carrier

To export vegetables, you require a truck carrier or any other related transportation of nature. The truck size depends on the consignment at hand. However, that is not the only criteria, and it also depends upon the distance you are covering on medium. Truck Price is also included in the investment. 

For example, if you are transporting vegetables farther from one city to another, you might pick up a larger consignment as it will be cost-effective. So, if the distance is short, say intra-city, you can have a medium or small truck carrier. 

Driver and Staff

The trucker's job is to drive the truck securely and reach its destination on time. Another additional position of the driver is to be careful that delicate items inside can get damaged due to constant shakes while driving.

He must also be well equipped to solve general faults in the medium. For example, a dysfunctional truck in between the route is the cause of severe headaches for all the parties involved. 

Practical Aspect of the Business

Establishing your role in the whole business is essential. For example, you will be just a manager sitting in your office and managing things.

Generally, people who start this marketing often do most of the things on their own. It also saves the extra expense of operating others. In the first days of Business, you will not make much sense. You might not consistently have contracted working hours.

It is better to be the truck driver, running things directly on your own, and you can employ an assisting staff for yourself. It will give you first-hand experience to know better about client demand, the nature and challenges the business offers, how you can be more productive and ultimately, how you can make profits.

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