8 Types Of Electrical Stimulation Physical Therapy Treatment Used For Arthritis Pain Relief

Electrical Stimulation Physical Therapy Treatment

The human knee has a difficult but not impossible task ahead. It is the biggest joint in the human body and offers help the entire day. It's accustomed to walking, sitting, standing, running, turning, and that's just the beginning. With countless such opportunities for injury, it's no big surprise that intense knee pain is quite possibly the most widely recognized kind of pain in all ages.

Electrical Stimulation uses electricity to decrease pain sensations. In some people, neuromodulation treatments can ease the pain with minimal risks and offer an alternative to treating arthritis pain. Electrical stimulation is a fantastic technology with the potential to dramatically change the way we restore and enhance the physical body. These physical therapy treatments are generally safe. However, they involve sending electrical impulses through your body.

Types Of Electrical Stimulation

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)

TENS uses sticky electrode patches attached to a small, battery-operated device. It sends an electrical current to your nerves to override pain signals. TENS may relieve pain by triggering the discharge of natural painkillers (endorphins) within the brain. TENS are often delivered at low frequency (l-TENS) or high frequency (h-TENS). Many TENS devices have a controller that allows you to pick the frequency you favour.

TENS helps acute and chronic pain. TENS has been shown to relieve osteoarthritis torment and lessen the requirement for pain medications.

Pulsed Electrical Stimulation (PES)

PES delivers a current to the location of pain via electrodes placed on the skin. It treats arthritis damage by rebuilding and repairing joint cartilage.

Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)

It is intended for relaxing muscle spasms, preventing muscle atrophy, increasing blood circulation, maintaining or increasing range of motion, and particularly for re-educating the neuromuscular system. Essentially an equivalent as EMS, but typically focused on therapeutic use (rehab) rather than athletic use (training).

Interferential Current (IFC)

        Intended for symptomatic relief of acute, chronic, and post-traumatic or post-surgical pain

        Similar to TENS, but generally more straightforward and powerful

        Much less common than TENS, but more functional and costlier

Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES)

They are intended for relaxing muscle spasms, preventing muscle atrophy, increasing blood circulation, maintaining or increasing range of motion, and particularly for re-educating the neuromuscular system. Essentially equivalent to NMES, but incredibly effective for neurological rehabilitation because the stimulation is automatically controlled to show muscle contractions into functional movements. They are usually incorporated into an exercise or bracing device to maximise functionality.

Spinal Cord Stimulation

Spinal cord stimulation utilizes a precisely implanted wire under your skin to deliver an electrical flow straightforwardly to your spinal cord. The current blocks torment signals before they can arrive at your cerebrum/ brain. This method offers durable relief from the discomfort that may decrease reliance on medication for patients. It may very well be successful for treating chronic pain of the torso and limbs, immovable low back pain, leg pain, and pain from fizzled back surgery.

Noninvasive Interactive Neurostimulation (NIN)

The NIN device delivers high-amplitude impulses into the skin. These impulses are believed to trigger the discharge of chemicals within the body that reduce pain and inflammation. People with knee osteoarthritis had less pain after using NIN.

Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS)

They are intended to strengthen muscles, increase muscle size, improve muscularly endurance, and accelerate muscle recovery. Also, almost like TENS, but designed to form the muscles contract firmly and typically used by athletes, especially for muscle recovery.

Concluding Thoughts!!!

Some sources of knee pain come from the unavoidable wear and tear that accompanies ageing. The meniscus is the cartilage that provides cushioning for the knee. Meniscal injuries become more familiar with age because the meniscus degrades over time. Osteoarthritis may be a similar diagnosis because it is defined as the degeneration of cartilage. Osteoarthritis can significantly benefit from Electrical Stimulations. Physical therapy reduces stiffness within the joints for those that suffer from osteoarthritis while reducing pain. Electrical Stimulation is additionally efficient due to helping strengthen muscles within the elderly.

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