What Kind of Patients Do Physical Therapists Treat?

What Kind of Patients Do Physical Therapists Treat?

Physical therapy is also known as PT in short form. They specialize in a special medical science branch that assesses physical functionality and treats injury, disability, trauma, and other disease and condition-related anomalies.

The main objective of a physical therapist is to boost a person's independence and quality of life by working on their range of motion and overall balance. Range of motion increases mobility and balance and prevents sudden falls and associated injury, thereby increasing a patient's overall quality of life.

Physiotherapists must be certified and licensed to work in clinics, hospitals, or personal healthcare setups like Outpatient offices and private offices.

The following are some of the treatments that physiotherapy can provide:

·     Strength training

·     Stretching

·     Endurance training

·     Manual therapy

·     Stimulation of the electrical muscles

·     Join mobilization

Physical therapy has five major specialties, with several new sub-specialties that can help a wider variety of patients. All these are very common arena physical therapist work on.

Orthopedic patients: Orthopaedic physical therapists aim to restore the musculoskeletal system's function, including joints, tendons, and ligaments. This category includes patients recovering from sports injuries, as well as those who have had surgery to repair fractures, tendonitis, or bursitis.

Geriatric patients: Geriatric Physical Therapy focuses on conditions unique to older adults and affects mobility and function, such as arthritis, osteoporosis, and balance disorders. Seniors can also benefit from physical therapy for injuries sustained in falls. Geriatric physical therapy's core is restoring mobility, minimizing pain, and improving physical fitness. Older patients get optimum benefits from geriatric physical therapy.

Patients with Neurological disorder: The nervous system, a complex and highly sophisticated system within the body that regulates bodily functions, is extremely important. A neurological injury or disease can negatively impact many bodily functions, including eating, speaking, memory, walking, breathing, and other activities. Patients with neurological disorders like Alzheimer's disease and multiple sclerosis will benefit from Neurological physical therapy. The goal of treatment is to help patients live independently by improving limb responsiveness and muscle strength and adapting to visual, balance, and mobility impairments.

Patients with cardiopulmonary conditions: Patients who have had a heart attack, chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), or pulmonary fibrillation can benefit from cardiovascular and pulmonary therapy. The ultimate goal of cardiovascular physical therapy, which focuses on improving functional independence and physical endurance, is to increase physical endurance.

Pediatric Physical Therapy: This is a great place to mention pediatric physical therapy. This therapy is for children, adolescents, and toddlers who have suffered from injuries or diseases such as orthopedic disabilities, muscular diseases, genetic disorders, limb defects, head traumas, acute injury, congenital disabilities, or developmental delays. Pediatric physical therapy can be very successful if patients are treated immediately after they develop problems that hinder natural movement and learning.

There are also sub-specialties in modern physical therapy:

Vestibular rehabilitation is a treatment for patients suffering from balance and coordination difficulties caused by inner ear problems, such as vertigo and dizziness.

Pelvic floor rehabilitation aims to relieve pain and swelling and control fecal or urinary incontinence due to injury, medical conditions, or surgery.

Decongestive therapy treats patients suffering from lymphedema or other fluid-related conditions.

Training that physiotherapists must complete before they can treat patients

A physiotherapist studies the following areas;

·     Biology

·     Anatomy

·     Cellular histology

·     Biomechanics

·     Kinesiology

·     Pharmacology

·     Pathology

·     Behavioral science

·     Exercise physiology

·     Cardiovascular studies

·     Musculoskeletal studies

·     Metabolism, Endocrine, and Pulmonary Studies

What are the benefits that patients receive from physical therapy?

Physical therapy can have many benefits depending on the reason.

·     Low doses of Opioids for pain management

·     They can also avoid open surgery

·     Improve range of motion, flexibility,& thereby mobility Increase range of motion and mobility

·     Enhance balance which is necessary for fall prevention

·     A simple way to solve age-related problems

·     Paralysis and stroke rehabilitation

·     Rehabilitation from trauma and injury

Sports professionals also get benefitted from physiotherapy. They will scientifically guide them to increase their sports performance. Also, they will suggest some workouts to increase the strength of certain body parts and muscles majorly used in gaming activity.

A physical therapist, or any other healthcare professional, can help individuals determine the benefits that are best suited to their medical history and treatment needs.

The main purpose of physiotherapy treatment is:

All physical therapy treatments have one goal: to prevent injuries and optimize the performance of patients. Physical therapy sessions aim to restore the body's ability to perform daily activities and move freely.

For physiotherapy treatment, the average session takes approximately:

Most sessions of physical therapy last between 30 and 60 minutes. It all depends on what condition or injury is being treated. It also depends on how the patient is doing in the treatment program.

Some patients might need extra time during their sessions.

The patient will receive orientation during the first session. A therapy plan will also be created. This session will teach you what to expect from your sessions and how long each should last. Hand therapy is a relatively new addition to physiotherapy. They also work on that. For hand pain recently, they are using a hand grip strengthener to increase hand range of motion, flexibility, and agility.

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